I have been trying all the footer codes on the web for hours. Then I hit on you simple code and it worked perfect! Thank you so much but i gotta problem when i change the width the footer standing to the left corner of page. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Get the CSS-Tricks newsletter.
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Easy CSS fix for fixed positioning on Android and – Ben Frain
Want to tell us something privately, like pointing out a typo or stuff like that? Contact Us. Share this: Twitter Facebook. Ship custom analytics today with Keen. Permalink to comment September 7, Permalink to comment February 6, You seem to have forgotten an id identifier.
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Chris Coyier. Permalink to comment February 29, Giorgi Gvimradze. Permalink to comment June 18, Permalink to comment February 4, Permalink to comment February 8, Permalink to comment February 23, Permalink to comment September 18, I would appreciate your help. Thank you very much in advance.
Laurel Pehrson. Permalink to comment June 2, Just put this in the body of the html: Your text here: D Put the CSS in the header in tags or place it in an external stylesheet.
Holyschlag is a great book for beginners. Permalink to comment October 8, Hi guys I tried this code, now I have no footer period…what am I doing wrong? Permalink to comment March 13, Nathan Smith. Permalink to comment August 15, Permalink to comment February 27, The order in which the elements all elements, not only the positioned ones within one stacking context are rendered, from back to front is as follows:. The highlighted entries are the elements whose stack level we can change using the z-index property.
Make the following highlighted changes to the two rules:. Both boxes have the same stack level auto , the initial value, which means stack level 0 but the blue box is rendered in front of the gray box, because it appears later in the source code. You can make the gray box appear in front by giving it a positive stack level.
Add the following highlighted line to the inner rule:. The rest of this section discusses local stacking contexts. You can elect to skip this if you wish. This is the difference I mentioned before between z-index: When an element establishes a local stacking context, the stack levels of its positioned descendants apply within this local context only.
The parent and its descendants will form an indivisible unit within the stacking context that surrounds the parent. You have expense reports, receipts, order confirmations and whatnot, and you stack one paper on top of another—to make life easier for your accountant, you insert types of papers that belong together in different envelopes. A local stacking context is analogous to such an envelope. It keeps related elements together and prevents other elements from being inserted between them.
You can sort the contents within each envelope as you like, but that sort order only applies within that envelope and has no bearing on the stack of papers as a whole. Your stack now contains a mix of loose papers elements with stack level auto , and envelopes elements with an integer stack level. Envelopes with positive stack levels lie on top of the loose papers, while envelopes with negative stack levels appear at the bottom of the pile. If you follow the examples, you should be able to get a feel for how things work. Begin by adding some content to your two inner elements—add the highlighted lines to your HTML document:.
This makes the span elements absolutely positioned and sets their positions and dimensions. Wait a second though— span elements are inline—how can you specify dimensions for inline elements? The answer is that absolutely positioned elements, like floated elements, automatically generate block boxes. Since both span elements have an absolutely positioned div as a parent, those parents take on the role of containing blocks.
Add the following rules to your style sheet:.
Save and reload, and you should see a yellow square in the bottom right-hand corner of the larger gray square, and a cyan-colored square in the bottom right-hand corner of the larger blue square. The gray and yellow squares appear in front of the blue and cyan squares, since the gray square has z-index: What if you want the cyan square in front of all the other squares? All you need to do is to give it a higher stack level than the gray square.
If your browser supports the CSS recommendation properly, the cyan square should now be at the front. The gray square has z-index: Set a high stack level for the yellow square to bring it to the front—make the following change to your CSS:. The stack level we specified for the yellow square applies within the local stacking context established by the gray square—the yellow square is inside an envelope together with its gray parent. The blue square is a loose paper in the stack. The yellow and cyan squares are actually in little envelopes all by themselves they have an integer stack level and establish local stacking contexts of their own.
Now both the gray square and the blue square establish local stacking contexts, giving us two envelopes. At the bottom of the stack is an envelope with stack level 1, containing two inner envelopes the blue square and the cyan square. At the top of the stack is an envelope with stack level 2, containing two inner envelopes the gray square and the yellow square. In the first envelope, the blue square has local stack level 0 so therefore appears behind the cyan square, which has local stack level 3.
In the second envelope, the gray square has local stack level 0 so therefore appears behind the yellow square with local stack level 4. Figure 1 shows the four boxes and the two local stacking contexts from the side, along the Z axis. Then within each stacking context, elements with a higher z-index number appear in front of elements with a small z-index number. If two elements have the same z-index number, the one appearing later in the markup will appear in front.
If an element belongs to a local stacking context you can only change its position along the Z axis within that local context. An element in one local stacking context cannot slide in between two elements in another local stacking context. Changes in z-index are not very common in good layouts, and if they occur at all it is usually within one stacking context. An element with position: It stays where it is, even if the document is scrolled.
Note that Internet Explorer versions 6 and older do not support fixed positioning at all. If you use one of those browsers you will not be able to see the results of the examples in this section. Whereas the position and dimensions of an element with position: This is normally the viewport: To demonstrate this, in the example below you will make one of your elements fixed. You will make the other one very tall in order to cause a scrollbar, to make it easier to see the effect it has. What kind of giant monitor do you have, anyway? The tall blue element extends beyond the bottom of the window.
Scroll the page downward, and keep an eye on the gray square in the top left-hand corner. They will overlap other content unless you make room for them. So, I figured this morning would be just as good a time as any. If you are not familiar with what a fixed-position element is, when you apply the following CSS to an element:. Meaning, if you have the following CSS:.
Here's a screen shot of the above code working in FireFox just so you can see what "position: Pretty cool stuff!
Making IE 5.5+ use position: fixed;
This also seems like one of the few times where using a negative margin on an element can be quite useful for centered alignment, both horizontally and vertically. Yeah, I would think so. I think the bottom-bar concept is probably one of the nicest uses of the fixed positioning that I have seen. I'm not even sure what version it is.
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The About menu doesn't help me. I'd love to get a different version - this one doesn't support cookies either, so it's rather limited in what I can use to test. Here is a link to the current version of IECollection: Interesting, I didn't even realize there was a CSS hack for this! When I have needed fixed positioning for IE6 in the past I used the jQuery Scroll Follow plugin, which also has some additional features like easing effects http: Hey Ben.
Awesome stuff. I was wondering why the need for the negative margin. I noticed that if I take it out, it works fine in IE but gets messed up in Firefox. What is the negative margin compensating for? I think sometimes the scroll follow effect can be really nice; I think there's room for both techniques for sure. Basically, if you put top: Hey Ben, check this out. I'm using fixed positions of PNGs with transparency for a fading effect on content when you scroll: Remove scrollbar from body and put all body contents inside a wrapper division and make it scroll.
Now Put all supposedly position: It seems nice though, and no jittery effect with scrolling. I don't support IE6 anymore I think it is time to let it go Meaning the "big boy company" that are to lazy to make the change because all their programs only run on old school bits and bites. Some of the top players on the web are finally making the change to not support IE6 also You will see a big push for this type of action in the next few months with the intro to Windows 7. Windows 7 might cost money I don't really see a big issue with starting to turn our backs on IE6.
There is actually a whole movement towards eliminating it called "IE6 No More", with its own badges you can post on your site too: Seriously, what a pain. That site reminds of me of http: Really a super pain! I have multiple VM's available on my Mac. I develop using Firefox. I've been playing around some more with fixed position elements and I might just decide that they are not worth it in IE6. There just seems to be too many hoops to jump through. I have a situation in which I need to have a fixed div that scrolls with the page, but remains within another div so that it does not overflow into the footer of the site when you get to the bottom.
That looks like a good tutorial - thanks for the post. Chris, I think that is what you are looking for. Ha ha ha.
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